So, who is this Jesus?
John 5:16-30 Revealing and imitating
"For this cause the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to kill him, because he did these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, "My Father is still working, so I am working, too."For this cause therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill him, because he not only broke the Sabbath, but also called God his own Father, making himself equal with God. Jesus therefore answered them, "Most assuredly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing of himself, but what he sees the Father doing. For whatever things he does, these the Son also does likewise.For the Father has affection for the Son, and shows him all things that he himself does. He will show him greater works than these, that you may marvel.For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom he desires.For the Father judges no one, but he has given all judgment to the Son,that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He who doesn't honor the Son doesn't honor the Father who sent him.
"Most assuredly I tell you, he who hears my word, and believes him who sent me, has eternal life, and doesn't come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.Most assuredly, I tell you, the hour comes, and now is, when the dead will hear the Son of God's voice; and those who hear will live.For as the Father has life in himself, even so he gave to the Son also to have life in himself.He also gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man.Don’t marvel at this, for the hour comes, in which all that are in the tombs will hear his voice,and will come out; those who have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment. I can of myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is righteous; because I don't seek my own will, but the will of my Father who sent me."
(John 5:16-30 WEB)
The religious leaders were quite angry about Jesus' healing on the Sabbath. Their definition of what could be done and what could not be done on the Sabbath was law.
Jesus defended his healing the man on the Sabbath by identifying his work, with the Father's work.
And notice Jesus has excluded the religious leaders as having authority over this. This is between the Father and the Son.
With this, the Jewish religious leaders are furious and accuse Jesus of blasphemy: claiming equality with God. Equality with God is what led to the fall of man in Genesis 3...
But Jesus is not claiming equality with God in the sense he is rivaling God as a second deity. He is expressing unity with the Father in which the Son is utterly and completely submitted to the Father that the Father and Son are one in the work they do.
I like what C. K. Barrett says about it:
"The Father is God sending and commanding, the son is God sent and obedient."
Jesus also states he is to be honored as the Father is honored. But in scripture God said he alone was to receive honor.
Is. 42:8 "I am the LORD; that is my name!
I will not give my glory to another
or my praise to idols."
John 5:23 "...that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him."
This unity of the Son with the Father is revealing the Father and the Son.
This revealing of the Father and imitating of the Father by the Son is fused by love each has for the other. These are amazing statements by Jesus. And the Father and the Son are at work in their love for mankind.
Jesus also states his prerogatives. (sovereign powers).
1. The Son will raise the dead, the righteous to life and the unrighteous to be condemned.
The same power Jesus used to raise the lame man from his bed to walk is the power Jesus will use to raise the dead to life. And as a matter of fact, the notice has been given by Jesus that "whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life". John 5:24.
Jesus raises men from physical death when he returns in the future but now he raises men from spiritual death as the source of life.
(Jesus shows this power of God by raising Lazarus which comes later in John.)
2. The Son will judge everyone at the end of the age.
The Old Testament speaks of God judging evil people throughout those scriptures. God holds everyone accountable to himself and is judge of all.
The right to judge comes from the Father because Jesus is a son of man. The Greek doesn't include article with 'son of man'. The same usage of son of man (without the article) is in Daniel 7:13 which is the Son holding court in judgment.
Jesus has also inferred judgment in speaking in verse 14 to the man he healed. He told him to "stop sinning or something worse may happen to you".
So, who is this Jesus?
Is. 65:1 "I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me;
I was found by those who did not seek me. To a nation that did not call on my name,
I said, "Here am I, here am I."
C.S. Lewis in his book, Mere Christianity says it so well:
"In the mouth of any speaker who is not God, these words would imply what I can only regard as a silliness and conceit unrivalled by any character in history. You must make your choice.
Either this man was, and is, the Son of God; or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a demon; or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God."